The condition of glaucoma is gradually damaging our vision and often many people are not aware of that. If it is not treated, it may result in total blindness.
However, nowadays there is a way to discover it and treat it in order to prevent the end result. You may find it difficult to recognize the symptoms however it is essential to recognize the risk. Read about glaucoma symptoms, causes and glaucoma treatment below.
The types of glaucoma
–Open-angle glaucoma – This is the most common condition when it is happening gradually and people find it hard to notice it, so that is why it is recommended to go to regular checkups.
-Acute closed-angle glaucoma – This is happening from a sudden blockage in the drainage canals of our eyes. There is a big pressure which is resulting in headaches, blurred vision, pain and colored haloes around lights. This is dangerous because it can damage the optic nerve for only several hours.
What are the symptoms?
At first, it is difficult to notice the symptoms, because the loss is firstly happening on the peripheral vision, not on the central one.
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However, this can provoke tunnel vision and blindness. That is why you should go to check-ups, however to an eye specialist because they are the ones that can discover this condition. The risk is bigger if you are over 40 years old, or if one of your parents has the same condition. Main symptoms are:
- Severe headache
- Eye pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Blurred vision
- Halos around lights
- Eye redness
- Tunnel vision in the advanced stages
What are the causes?
This condition represents a disease on the optic nerve. When the fibers of the optic nerve get damaged there are blind areas created in the vision. If you do not treat this condition, the fibers will keep getting damaged thus further damaging the vision and eventually causing blindness.
Also, glaucoma can result from increased pressure in the eye, which can damage the optic nerve, while the increased pressure can be provoked from having problems with the drainage canal.
There are effective treatments for glaucoma but it is essential to be applied in the early development of the condition. If the glaucoma is discovered on time, there are treatments that can slow and even cure this disease entirely.
That is why, if you are over 40, do the check-ups regularly!